Root Rot/Dieback

Phytophthora spp.

A soil-borne, fungus-like pathogen (technically it’s an oomycetes or water mould) that causes the roots to rot. As the roots die off, whole branches, or even the entire tree or shrub, will start to die back. In Auckland it often affects griselinias and avocadoes, though many other trees and shrubs can also be affected. Most commonly affects plants late summer/early autumn.

Kauri dieback and late potato blight (the blight responsible for the potato famine) are also species of phytopthora.

Similar symptoms occur on buxus or box (which is often grown as a hedge) this isn’t caused by a phytopthora and is generally called buxus blight.

Prevention

Root rot most commonly becomes a problem after trees have been water stressed. Keep plants well watered over the drier months (deeply watering every few weeks).

Improved soil health also acts as a preventative, as healthy soil holds more moisture during the drier months and is full of beneficial microbes that make it less likely that you will get root rot.

Improve soil health by feeding with Aquaticus Garden Booster (which contains trichoderma, a fungi that helps protect roots), and mulch regularly. Improve heavier soils using Gypsum to improve drainage.

 

Treatment

Drench the soil with Plantmate.

Plantmate contains trichoderma, a beneficial fungi that colonises around the roots of plants, stimulates root growth, and acts as a fungicide that protects the roots from phytophthoras and other soil-borne diseases.

Non Organic Option

In severe cases, spray Aliette onto the leaves and around the base of the affected tree.

Repeat 28 days later if necessary.

Wait 2 months and apply Plantmate to protect your roots from further incursions. Repeat 1 month later to ensure that the trichoderma in the Plantmate has effectively colonised around the plant roots.

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